Treaty with the Waukikum Band of the Chinook, 1851




Alternative Title

Treaty with the Waukikum Band of the Chinook, 1851

August 8, 1851

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Tansey Point, near Clatsop Plains, this eighth day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-one, between Anson Dart, superintendent of Indian affairs, Henry H. Spalding, Indian agent, and Josiah L. Parris, Indian subagent, on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the undersigned, chiefs and headmen of the Waukikum band of the Chinook tribe of Indians, of the other part.


The said Waukikum band of Chinook Indians hereby cede to the United States the tract of land included within the following boundaries, viz: Beginning at the mouth of a certain stream called the Labacluthl, which empties into the north side of the Columbia River at the west end of Gray's Bay; running thence up and along the Columbia to the mouth of a certain stream, called the Neuc-tuc-hae, which empties into the Columbia on the north side above Oak Point; thence northerly along said Nenc-tuc-hae to its had-waters; thence north to the Summit of high lands between the Columbia and Chehalees Rivers; thence following the summit of said high lands westerly to a pint opposite or directly north of the head-waters of the said last names stream to the place of beginning. The above description is intended to include all the land claimed by the said band of Chinook Indians.

ART. 2.

The said Waukikum band reserve to themselves the privilege of occupying their present place of residence, and also of fishing upon the Columbia River and the two other streams mentioned in Article 1; also the privilege of cutting timber for their own building purposes and for fuel on the above-described land, and of hunting on said lands where they are not inclosed.

ART. 3.

In consideration of cession made in the foregoing articles of this treaty, the United States agree to pay to the said Waukikum band of Chinook tribe of Indians seven thousand dollars, in annual payments of seven hundred dollars, for ten years, as follows viz: One hundred dollars in money, twenty blankets, ten woolen coats, ten pairs pants, ten vests, twenty shirts, twenty pairs shoes, fifty yards linsey plaid, one hundred yards calico prints, one hundred yards shiring, eight blanket shawls,one hundred pounds soap, one barrel salt, fifteen bags flour, one hundred pounds tobacco, ten hoes, ten axes, fifteen knives, twenty-five cotton handkerchiefs, one barrel molasses, one hundred pounds of sugar, ten pounds tea, six eight-quart brass kettles, ten ten-quart tin pails, twelve pint cups, ten six-quart pans, ten caps; all to be of good quality and delivered at Burnie's Landing, on the Columbia River.

ART. 4.

There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing the said Waukikum band of the Chinook tribe of Indians.


This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting parties as soon as the same shall be ratified by the President of the United States, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof.

H. Spalding, agent, and Josiah L. Parrish, subagent, aforesaid, and the chiefs and head-men of the Waukikum band of the Chinook tribe of Indians, have hereunto set their hands and seals at the time and place first herein above written.

ANSON DART, [seal.]

H. H. SPALDING, [seal.]


SKUMAQUEAH, his x mark. [SEAL.]
KLAHAN, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WALLASAH, his x mark. [SEAL.]
SLALLAHLE, his x mark. [SEAL.]
STUCALLAWAH, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WALLHALSH, his x mark. [SEAL.]
TAHWEOS, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WAKETOSE, his x mark. [SEAL.]

Signed, sealed, and witnessed in presence of—

Nicholas DuBois,

W. W. Raymond,

R. Shortess,
Acting Subagent.

At the signing of the above articles of this treaty it was agreed that, upon the ratification of the same by the President and Senate, Shumahqueah should receive a rifle worth fifty dollars as a present.