Treaty with the Naalem Band of the Tillamook, 1851

ORIGINAL SIGNATORIES

KEY PROVISIONS

HISTORICAL NOTES

Alternative Title

Treaty with the Naalem Band of the Tillamook, 1851

Articles of a treaty made and concluded at Tansey Point, on the Columbia River, near Clatsop Plains, this sixth day of August, eighteen hundred and fifty-one between Anson Dart, superintendent of Indian affairs, Henry H. Spalding, Indian agent and Josiah L. Parrish, Indian Subagent, on the part of the United States, of the one part, and the undersigned chiefs and headmen of the Naalem band of the Tillamook tribe of Indians, of the other part.

Article 1. he said band of Indians cede to the United States the tract of land included within the following boundaries, viz: beginning at the mouth of a certain stream called the Yocklespahta, and running thence along the coast of the Pacific Ocean in a southerly direction to a certain point of rocks south of the Naalem River, which point of rocks is claimed as the southwest corner of lands belonging to said band; thence east to the summit of the coast range of mountains; thence northerly following said range of mountains to the southern boundary of land lately claimed by the Clatsop tribe of Indians; thence westerly following said southern boundary of the Clatsops to the headwaters of the; Yocklespahta thence down and along said stream to the place of beginning. The above-described land being all that is claimed by the said band of Tillamook Indians.

ART. 2. The said band reserve to themselves the privilege of occupying, for the purpose of fishing, two small spots of ground sufficient for building upon and for their horses to graze upon; one to be at the mouth and on the north side of the Naalem River, and the other at or near the rapids on the north fork of said river, together with the privilege of passing freely between these two places along the river.

Art. 3. In consideration of the cession made in the foregoing articles of this treaty, the United States agree to pay to the said band of Indians the sum of ten thousand five hundred dollars, in annual payments of one thousand and fifty dollars in money and the balance in the following articles, to wit: thirty blankets, twenty pairs pats, twenty vests, one hundred yards linsey plaid, two hundred yards brown muslin, one hundred yards calico, ten shawls, fifteen bags flour, one hundred pounds tobacco, one hundred and fifty pounds soap, two hundred pounds sugar, ten tin kettles (ten-quart), ten eight-quart tin pans, six frying pans, one barrel salt, six hoes, six axes, ten pounds tea, one barrel moulasses, one keg powder, ten knives, one hundred pounds shot. All the above articles to be good quality and to be delivered from yar to year at Tansey point aforesaid, and distributed to the heads of families belonging to said band.

ART. 4. There shall be perpetual peace and friendship between all the citizens of the United States of America and all the individuals composing said Naalem band of the Tillamook Indians.

ART. 5. This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting parties as soon as the same shall be ratified by the President of the United State, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof.

In testimony whereof the said Anson Dart, superintendent Henry H. Spalding, agent, and Josiah L. Parrish, subagent, aforesaid, and the chiefs and headmen of the said band of the Tillamook tribe of Indians, have hereunto set their hands and seals at the time and place first herein above written.

ANSON DART [SEAL.]
Superintendent.</em >[SEAL.]

H. H. SPALDING, [SEAL.]
Agent. [SEAL.]

JOSIAH L. PARRISH, [SEAL.]
Sub-Agent. [SEAL.]

WAUCLAHAN, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WAUTATKAM, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WATLECOSE, his x mark. [SEAL.]
TUCKOOAH, his x mark. [SEAL.]
TATIUSE, his x mark. [SEAL.]
TEEWINT, his x mark. [SEAL.]
DUNKAL, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WYANA, his x mark. [SEAL.]
OSKAY, his x mark. [SEAL.]
SEANOW, his x mark. [SEAL.]
SWELIUSE, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WYALETA, his x mark. [SEAL.]
ESAHTIU, his x mark. [SEAL.]
OCLALLAH, his x mark. [SEAL.]
OSKALOWIS, his x mark. [SEAL.]
WYKEEKILL, his x mark. [SEAL.]
SKALLAH, his x mark. [SEAL.]

Signed, sealed, and witnessed in presence of—

Nicholas Du Bois,
Secretary.

W. W. Raymond,
Interpreter.

R. Shortess,
Acting Sub-Agent.