Agreement with the Arapaho and Cheyenne, 1865

ORIGINAL SIGNATORIES

SUCCESSOR IN INTEREST (TRIBES)

KEY PROVISIONS

Agreement with the Arapaho and Cheyenne, 1865

We, the undersigned, chiefs and headmen of the bands of Arapahoe and Cheyenne Indians, now south of the Arkansas river, having been forced, in self-protection, to fight the United States troops under the command of Colonel J. M. Chivington, at Sand creek, Colorado Territory, and having, through the interposition of a kind Providence, escaped our intended massacre, and having heard from our friend, Colonel J. H. Leavenworth, through his runners and agents, that we could in safety visit him at the mouth of the Little Arkansas river, have come to him to ask that he will use his influence to restore kindness between our bands, and if possible between our whole tribes and the government of the United States; and we do agree with him and our Great Father, the President of the United States, that we will abstain from all acts of violence or injury to the citizens of the United States, to the frontier settlements, and to travellers on the Santa Fe road, or other lines of travel, and that we will remain at peace. And we do further agree to meet in council on the 4th day of October, 1865, at Bluff creek, about fifty miles south from the mouth of the Little Arkansas river, or at such other time and place as the President of the United States may appoint, for a perpetual peace, and to settle such questions as may arise between our bands, or whole tribes, and the government of the United States.

In witness whereof, we have hereunto set our hands and affixed our marks this 18th day of August, 1865, at the mouth of the Little Arkansas river, in the State of Kansas.

J. H. Leavenworth, U. S. Indian Agent.

Mevin, his x mark, or Little Raven, chief of the Arapahoes.
O-ha-mah -hah, his x mark, or Storm, chief of the Arapahoes.
Ah-cra -kah-taw -nah, his x mark, or Spotted Wolf, chief of the Arapahoes.
Ah-nah -mat -tan, his x mark, or the Black Man, chief of Cheyennes.
Make -ta-vah-to, his x mark, or Black Kettle, chief of Cheyennes.
Hark-kah-ome, his x mark, or Little Robe, chief of Cheyennes.
Moke-tah -vo -ve -ho, his x mark, the Black White Man, chief of Cheyennes.
Oh -to-ah -neso -te-wheo, his x mark, the Seven Bulls, chief of Cheyennes.

Witnesses:

Jesse Chisholm, Comanche interpreter.
John S. Smith, Cheyenne interpreter.